Hypertension

Hypertension is called high blood pressure is dangerous to  your health, as the condition requires your heart to work harder to pump  blood through your body and contributes to the hardening of arteries.  These things can lead to heart failure, stroke or even kidney disease.

What is considered high blood pressure?

  • Normal - Less than 120 over 80
  • Prehypertension - 120-139 over 80-89
  • Stage 1 High Blood Pressure - 140-159 over 90-99
  • Stage 2 High Blood Pressure - 160+ over 100+

If  your blood pressure is in the prehypertension or high blood pressure  range, contact us to help you treat and manage your blood pressure.

We are experts in diagnosing the causes of hypertension and in the treatment of difficult to control or resistant hypertension.

What causes hypertension?

There  are several factors and conditions that play a role in the development  of high blood pressure, although the exact cause is not known.

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Genetics
  • Stress
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Diet with a lot of salt
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Sleep apnea
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Thyroid and adrenal issues

Complex Hypertension

Resistant hypertension is high blood pressure that remains above goal values in spite of concurrent use of three hypertensive agents of different classes.

Refractory Hypertension is high blood pressure that cannot be controlled even with maximal therapy (five or more hypertensive agents). This may be due to volume expansion, secondary hypertension (hormonal or vascular causes), sleep apnea or chronic kidney disease.

It is advisable to get a subspecialty hypertension evaluation for diagnosis and treatment. After a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation, treatment may include dietary changes, intensification and modification of medications, and treating the underlying conditions that cause the hypertension.

Routine Hypertension

High blood pressure that is controlled with fewer than three  hypertensive medications.  Several factors and conditions play a role in  the development of high blood pressure such as obesity, genetics,  emotional factors, alcohol consumption, smoking, sedentary lifestyle,  sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, and thyroid and adrenal  abnormalities.  Treatment of hypertension can include medication, diet  change, lifestyle change, and rarely vascular intervention.